Istanbul is accessible by air, sea, rail, and road. Air transport is perhaps the most significant considering overall congress requirements, but other modes of transportation maybe more convenient for visitors from neighboring countries.
Atatürk International Airport is located at 24 km south west of city and able to welcome more than 20 million passengers every year. Getting from the airport to the city entails a bus, taxi or taxi-train trip combination.
Sabiha Gokcen International Airport is located on the Anatolian shore of Istanbul at a distance of 50 km to Taksim.
A big number of popular regular services from the Middle East, the USA, and Australia drop in on Istanbul. More than 42 domestic and 202 international flights are serviced by national carrier Turkish Airlines per day to both of the airports in Istanbul. Together there are some more than 500 international flights per day.
A number of local bus companies service other European destinations
Connections to European capitals as well as to Ankara, Izmir and East Anatolian cities.
Connections to European ports and a port-of-call for Mediterranean Cruises.
Turkish Airlines, the flag carrier of Turkey, organizes expeditions to 50 domestic and 230 internationalpoints (with 50 domestic and 230 international airports, totally 280 airports).
In all these points, there are sales / station units, agencies and general sales agencies to serve passengers.
Various transportation vehicles are available in Istanbul, one of the biggest cities in Europe. Railroads, bus lines, and trams are supported by sea vehicles that travel between two continents.
Metropolitan buses in Istanbul are frequent and economic. They travel to almost any point within the city and some villages around the city.
The modern subway and tram system is one of the most convenient means of transportation in Istanbul.
The Istanbul Metro, or the M2, is a masstransit underground railway network, running from the Airport to the Sariyer.
The tramline lines are Zeytinburnu-Kabatas, Güngören-Bagcilar and Edirnekapi-Sultançiftligi. Taksim, the cultural and entertainment center of the city is accessible from Kabatas by a short funicular railway.
The sea route is usually the quickest way between the European and Asian sides, particularly during rush-hour. Ferries connect the two sides of the city.
Licensed taxis in Istanbul are yellow and have registration numbers on the sides. They can be found on the ranks or hailed on the street.
One practical solution to transportation in Istanbul is the dolmus, a shared taxi seating 7 or 8 passengers that operates on specifi c routes through the busiest parts of the city until midnight.