Learning about Turkey is a wonderful and enriching experience as you discover ancient traditions, a friendly Turkish culture, historical sites as well as places and destinations that will make a wonderful country for your holidays or to live.
Religion is Islam
The population is 72,000 million as quoted on 2010
The capital is Ankara
The Language is Turkish
Geography: Turkey covers 72,454 sq kilometres and comprises of 81 provinces that are further divided into separate districts
The time difference is +GMT2
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) occupies the northern and eastern reaches of Cyprus. If flying to Ercan Airport, North Cyprus’s international landing point, passengers must transit briefly in Turkey. No visa is required for entering to The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus or if you are wishing to visit or cross between the northern and southern parts of the country, meaning those wishing to fly into Larnaca and Paphos can easily commute to the north of the island in just over an hour. There are seven crossings for those making the journey, including a free border walkthrough at Ledra Street. Car hire is reasonable and offers an effective, viable means of exploration, with left-hand side driving. A local network of shared taxis known as dolmuş operate a myriad of routes and is an alternative option to getting around.
English is considered a second language after Turkish, especially in the hotspot of Kyrenia. The currency is Turkish Lira which means life is much less costly than its southern counterpart. Euros and Pound sterling are still widely accepted in many establishments; for a spending spree, the mall in Famagusta will appease shopaholics. As the sun sets, a wealth of traditional Turkish music shows can be experienced, and travellers can rest in the knowledge North Cyprus is virtually a crime-free zone after dark.
From the Assyrians to the Egyptians, the Persians to the Romans, Cyprus has seen hordes of visitors disembark on her shores over the centuries – each leaving their distinctive mark on the varied landscape.
It was in the early to Middle Bronze Ages that saw the emergence of towns and trading centres, which helped build relationships with the surrounding nations. This period was followed by occupation by many Middle Eastern countries, but it was when Persian rule was overthrown by King Evagoras that the Salamis region was able to strengthen its commerce and grow wealthy. This growth trend continued through Hellenistic and Roman rule, however, when the Roman Empire’s grip began to loosen and trade began to dwindle, fortunes were only reversed when the Byzantine Empire took control of the island and restored the province to its former glory.
The next 500 years or so saw the island change hands through Richard the Lionheart, the French Lusignan family, the Ottomans and the Venetians. In the mid-19th century the Suez Canal was opened, so to protect the trade route to India, Britain took a vested interest in the strategically located island, which saw many new roads, pipelines, crop irrigation and railways being built. This alliance continued well into the 20th century with Cyprus’s independence being declared in 1960. This series of events lead to North Cyprus declaring its independence from the south in 1974.
Kyrenia Harbor and Castle - Kyrenia is often called the pearl of the Mediterranean, and for good reason. Under the scenery of the green Beşparmak Mountains, with its picturesque pier, many boats anchored on the harbor and full of bars and restaurants, continuing the adjacent Kordonboyu Street and the captivating sunsets, this is a complete must-see and the perfect place to take a promenade. It is impossible to see the castle overseeing the harbor, and the castle is well worth a visit with the beautiful views and the shipwreck museum.
Castles - the Beşparmak Mountains are home to three picturesque and well-preserved castles, the St. Hilarion Castle, Buffavento Castle and Kantara Castle. St. Hilarion is just above Kyrenia, and Kantara is closer to the Karpaz Peninsula. All of them offer breathtaking scenery of the coastline and the mountains, and also some refreshing clean air and hikes.
Salamis ruins near Famagusta - this ancient Greek city is full of statues, agoras, and many more, including an amphitheatre where concerts and other events take place, and all of them right next to the see, with much of the complex still uncovered! This once-strategic great city is worth a visit.
Walled City of Famagusta - Just like the walled city of Nicosia, historical buildings pop out everywhere in this walled city center. Another magnificent Gothic-style mosque, Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque, once home to the crowning ceremonies of the Lusignan kings, the well-preserved city walls, the Othello Tower, where the Cypriot section of Shakespeare's play Othello takes place, and many more!
Bellapais village near Kyrenia - known for its ancient monastery, which consists of picturesque ruins with great Gothic arches and towering stone walls, and a great view of Kyrenia. Cultural events such as classical music concerts take place throughout the year.
Apostolos Andreas Monastery, Karpaz National Park and Cape Apostolos Andreas - located at the tip of the Karpaz Peninsula, farther north than Dipkarpaz, this well-preserved monastery is an ancient site of pilgrimage. Karpaz is very unspoilt, and the only national park in Northern Cyprus is known for its wild donkeys, who are so free they can block the roads - make sure to take photos with them! Near the Apostolos Andreas Monastery is the geographical end of Cyprus, Cape Apostolos Andreas, known as Cape Zafer (Zafer Burnu) locally. And do not miss the idyllic Golden Beach (Altın Kumsal), perhaps the most beautiful beach in all of Cyprus!
Airport transfers from Larnaca Airport to Artemis Kaya Convention Center: will be min. 90 minutes by private car or taxi.
Airport transfers from Ercan Airport to Artemis Kaya Convention Center: will be min. 75 minutes by private car or taxi.
VISA PROCEDURE FOR TURKISH CITIZENS
If you are traveling to the Republic of Cyprus from Turkey, you could Travel to Ercan Airport without Cyprus Republic Visa. If you want to fly to Larnaca Airport from Turkey, you could take Cyprus Republic Visa.
VISA PROCEDURE FOR FOREIGN CITIZENS
If you are traveling from other countries to Cyprus, you could flight to Larnaca Airport with taking Cyprus Republic visa or flight from Turkey to Ercan Airport by taking Turkish Republic visa.
You could get informations about visa procedures for Turkish Republic and Cyprus Republic.
FLIGHT and VISA INFORMATIONS
Which airlines flight from Turkey to the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Ercan Airport?
• Atlas Global
• Onur Air
• Pegasus Airlines
• Turkish Airlines
Which airlines flight from other countries to Greek Populated Southern Part of Cyprus, Larnaca Airport?
• Aegean Airlines
• Air Berlin
• Air Canada
• Air France
• Air Malta
• Air Moldova
• British Airlines
• Bulgaria Air
• Cyprus Airways
• Easy Jet
• Etihad Airways
• Gulf Air
• Helvetic Airways
• LOT Polish Airlines
• Middle East Airlines
• Monarch Airlines
• Qatar Airways
• Royal Jordanian
• Thomas Cook Airlines
• Turkish Airlines
• Ukraine International Airlines
• Wizz Air